The region of Trentino-Alto Adige is located in northern Italy. It borders with Austria to the north, Switzerland to the northwest, the region of Lombardia to the west and Veneto to the south. The Brenner Pass is the lowest route through the Alps and is the main artery of the region. Trentino-Alto Adige is one of five Italian regions that have special, autonomous status. The region is divided into two provinces: Trento and Bolzano. The capital city is Trento. Italian and German are the official languages of this region, but a Ladin is spoken in the Fassa Valley. German is mostly spoken in Alto-Adige, where signs are in German and Italian.
With the Dolomites and Southern Alps as a backdrop to picturesque valleys, the scenery is spectacular in this mostly mountainous region. Lakes, rivers and streams abound in Trentino-Alto Adige. This region is a popular destination for skiers, who enjoy great resorts such as Madonna di Campiglio and Canazei. This region also offers an ideal setting for other outdoor activities, including hiking, mountain climbing, rafting and kayaking. The amazing Pyramids of Segonzano can be found near the town of Cembra in the Cembra Valley, which features terraced, vineyard covered slopes. Along with natural beauty, there are many historic sights to visit in the region, including the Duomo in Trento, which was the sight of some meetings of the historic Council of Trent. This region is dotted with castles, including the impressive Castello di Avio.