The region of Tuscany is located in central Italy. It borders with Emilia Romagna to the north, Liguria to the northwest, Umbria and Marche to the east, Lazio to the southeast and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. Elba Island and other smaller islands are part of Tuscany. The region is mostly hilly and mountainous with plains forming the Arno River Valley and flat areas along the coast in the Maremma. The Tuscan Coast has long stretches with sandy beaches. Tuscany is divided into ten provinces: Arezzo, Firenze, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa-Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena. The capital city is Firenze (Florence).
Tuscany is known for its beautiful scenery and rich artistic history. This region offers examples from every age and style from the Etruscans and Romans to Romanesque and Gothic styles to the Renaissance. Tuscany is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance and the movement’s influence can be seen throughout the region, especially in Florence. The Uffizi Gallery in Florence houses one of the most important collections in the world. Tuscany has many historic cities, hill town and charming villages. Famous Tuscan cities include Siena with is beautiful shell-shaped Piazza del Campo and Pisa with its leaning tower. Lucca, Cortona, Arezzo and San Gimignano are other artistic towns in Tuscany.